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12ATGEO - New York City - Traffic Congestion: Home

The nature, scope and impact of traffic congestion in New York


  • Outline the nature, scope and impact of traffic congestion in New York
  • Describe one KEY planning strategy used in New York City adopted to address traffic congestion
  • Evaluate how this planning strategy enhances sustainability and liveability in New York City

Featured books:

Costs of traffic congestion:

It’s accurate to say that nobody likes a traffic jam. Unfortunately, a further fact is that traffic congestion costs us immensely. To give an example, American families spend 19c out of every $1 on transport, which is more than food and healthcare combined. Despite these large costs and a general intolerance for traffic jams, the cost of U.S. traffic congestion is continuing to grow each year suggesting that little is being done to combat it. It seems we have almost come to accept traffic congestion and turn a blind eye to its growing costs.


NYC suggested videos:

It's no secret that New York City is dense -- full of people going to and fro whether by foot, bike, bus, train or car. Have you ever wondered how they all get along? Who's responsible for the kinds of changes that keep everyone safe? In the episode of the Big Road Fix, we take a look at one of the most dangerous intersections in the Bronx and see how the city has worked to improve it.

Traffic congestion - The cost & lost time:

NYC Gallery:

Online encyclopaedia:

Online encyclopaedias are great for short, concise and reliable information. It may be best to access these articles from the Online encyclopaedias page through the Hale portal. Don't forget Britannica has ready made citations for you to use.

  • Variety of reading levels
  • Quality resources including text, images, videos and ‘Web’s Best Sites’
  • Read aloud facility
  • Size your font up or down
  • Ready-made citation

One-stop Search:

Research databases
Limit Your Results
Google Web Search


Online databases:

A online collection of magazine and newspaper articles as well as interview transcripts, images and videos. You can sort your results by publication, full text versions and even date. Online databases are available through the portal and many require specific login details.

Both EBSCOhost and Gale INFOTRAC have specialized databases so use these first. 

Suggested articles would include:

Fighting Traffic with Rapid Transit:

Please note this infographic is produced for the Ontario region

N.B. This infographic is designed around Ontario NOT New York City

Solutions by capital investment:

  • Optimise traffic-light management

  • Use CCTV to monitor road conditions

  • Enforce existing road traffic laws

  • Improve perceptions of buses

  • Charge for workplace parking

  • Extend residents’ parking zones

Explore more information here...

  • Improve cycling infrastructure

  • Improve bus services

  • Develop and refine park-and-ride

  • Use Inbound Flow control

  • Rationalise distribution and deliveries

Explore more information here...

  • Existing rail network

  • Light rail

  • Strategic Road Network resilience

  • Road pricing

Explore more information here...

  • Widen roads
  • Narrow roads
  • Add bus lanes
  • Remove bus lanes
  • Build tunnels
  • Build a new ring road
  • Build a light rail network
  • Switch off traffic lights
  • Ban cycling
  • Ban cars from city centres
  • Close through-routes to private vehicles
  • Close car parks
  • Build more car parks
  • Build more park-and-rides
  • Make buses free
  • Make park-and-ride free

None of these can deliver a complete solution, and most of them provide only temporary relief until induced demand fills up the road space once more. 

New York City:

Nighttime lights of the New York City metropolitan region. Source: Wikipedia. - Nocturnal view of the New York City metropolitan area, the world's most brightly illuminated conurbation and largest urban landmass. Long Island extends 193 km eastward from Manhattan, the central core of the conurbation.

An 8-city perspective on health and well-being

This special report attempts to visualize the feeling of health and well-being of people in 8 major global cities. What is important for them? How did the feeling of health and well-being develop over the past 5 years? How satisfied are they with the community they live in? And what does their ideal community look like?

Liveability Index Overview:

Search Google:

Google Web Search

It is important to refine your search terms as your understandings grow and information gaps become more obvious. Make sure you regularly review your focus questions or task sheet guidelines. It is best to use Google Advanced Search to narrow your search further and save yourself time. Employ some advanced Google modifiers to avoid wasting time.

Suggested videos:

Reference Generator:

Reference Generator It is important to provide evidence of using a variety of reliable resources. Use the online Reference Generator available through the Portal to create your citations. Make sure you alphabetically sort them afterwards. Click here for a Hale School guide to referencing.


A sample bibliography for 3 resources suggested on this page would look like:

New York City 2021. Britannica School. Retrieved 12 March 2021, from

Stout, WW 1950, Saturday Evening Post, vol. 222, no. 33, pp. 27–108, viewed 12 March 2021, <>.

Traffic control 2021. Britannica School. Retrieved 12 March 2021, from


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