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Year 8 HASS Geography: Urbanization

Featured information books

Urban vs Rural Infographic

Population Movements in Australia

Three charts on Australia’s population shift and the big city squeeze: 

At around 1.5%, Australia’s current population growth rate is above the world rate of about 1.2%, and among the highest in the OECD.

Net international migration comprised about 55% of Australia’s population growth in 2015-16. Natural increase – that’s births minus deaths – makes up the rest.

See also:


Online encyclopaedias are great for concise and correct overviews. 

  • Variety of reading levels
  • Quality resources including text, images, videos and ‘Web’s Best Sites’
  • Read aloud facility
  • Size your font up or down
  • Ready-made citation


Suggested articles include:

Growing Pains

Population levels are rising and nowhere is this felt more keenly than in the world’s megacities – urban sprawls that each house over ten million people. But such growth brings with it a host of problems

Humans, it seems, are increasingly becoming urban creatures. Barely 60 years ago, only two cities – Tokyo and New York – had the ten million plus inhabitants required to fit the UN’s definition of a megacity.

Even by 1970, just 39 million people lived in megacities. By 1990, the number of megacities had risen to ten, collectively home to more than 153 million people or slightly less than seven per cent of the global urban population at that time. Read more...

Shrinking cities: the rise and fall of global urban populations – mapped

The world is experiencing rapid urbanization, but not every city is growing. Population is likely to decline in 17% of large cities in developed regions and 8% of cities across the world from 2015 to 2025, according to a McKinsey report. Read more...



This Is How The First Cities Got Started

Population density and distibution

Reference Generator

It is important to show your teacher you used a variety of reliable resources. Use the online Reference Generator available through the Portal to create your citations. Make sure you alphabetically sort them afterwards.

A sample bibliography for 3 resources listed on this page would look like:

Brown, S 2014, Urbanization | Society and Culture | MCAT | Khan Academy, 27 April, accessed 18 May 2017, <>.

City 2017. Britannica School. Retrieved 18 May 2017, from

Kimmelman, M 2017, ‘Rising Waters Threaten China’s Rising Cities’, New York Times, 27 April, accessed 18 May 2017, <>.