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8GEB - Geographic Inquiry - Boxing Day Tsunami: Causes

Suggested resources for your inquiry into the Boxing Day Tsunami

Search terms

Describe the details about the tectonic plates that caused this earthquake and the processes that resulted in the tsunami occurring.  Include labeled images of the earthquake.

Search terms would include:

  • 2004 tsunami AND causes
  • "tectonic plates"
  • earthquake AND causes
  • ​tsunami AND causes

Featured information books


Causes of a tsunami

Anatomy of a tsunami

Plate tectonics:

Despite how solid our planet's crust might feel beneath our feet, did you know that it’s actually changing all the time? This programme explores the composition of our Earth, how the surface is divided into tectonic plates, and the history of the movement of the tectonic plates including the supercontinent Pangaea. It also explains the different types of plate boundaries that exist and the different landforms that can be found at each of them respectively.

Online encyclopaedias

Encyclopaedia Britannica are great for short, concise and correct information. Access and specific sign on details are available on the Hale Portal - Encyclopaedias page.

  • Variety of reading levels
  • Quality resources including text, images, videos and ‘Web’s Best Sites’
  • Read aloud facility
  • Size your font up or down
  • Ready-made citation

Suggested articles include:

Tsunami - The Ultimate Guide

Tsunami is a Japanese word that translates as 'harbour wave'. Tsunami are usually associated with earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and landslides, which can cause a sudden movement of the water column in the ocean, and create fast-moving waves. A tsunami is a series of waves, and can cause inundation and destruction when it hits land. This is a great guide from the Australian Institute for Disaster Resilience. 

How Earthquakes Trigger Tsunamis - Bang Goes The Theory, Preview - BBC One

How tsunamis work

2004 Tsunami animation

Reference Generator

It is important to provide evidence of using a variety of reliable resources. Use the online Reference Generator available through the Portal to create your citations. Make sure you alphabetically sort them afterwards. Click here for a Hale School guide to referencing.

sample bibliography for 3 resources suggested on this page would look like:

Case study: Boxing Day Tsunami, 2004 2014, BBC, accessed 28 February 2018, <>.

Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004 2018. Britannica School. Retrieved 28 February 2018, from

Richardson, S 2018, 'Tsunami of 2004' , World Book Student, World Book, Chicago, viewed 26 February 2018,