Briefly define mitigation and discuss 2 mitigation strategies that have been completed to reduce the impacts of any future tsunami in the Indian Ocean (near Indonesia). Suggested search terms could include:
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Millions of people around the world live in areas at risk for tsunamis, such as Japan, Hawaii, Alaska, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and India. And millions more visit these places every day. Although a tsunami cannot be prevented, the effect of a tsunami can be reduced through community tsunami preparedness, timely warnings, and effective response. The risk of Indian Ocean earthquakes and tsunamis similar to the 2004 Sumatra disaster is greater than previously thought, researchers say. British and Canadian scientists said the risk in the western Indian Ocean of an earthquake-caused tsunami that could threaten the coastal areas of Pakistan, Iran, Oman, India and other countries has been underestimated. UPI science news. Learning from past disasters and being prepared as to what actions to take during an event can help minimise the impact on the loss of people and property. Read more
To ensure early detection of tsunamis and to acquire data critical to real-time forecasts, NOAA has placed Deep-ocean Assessment and Reporting of Tsunami (DART®) stations at sites in regions with a history of generating destructive tsunamis. NOAA completed the original 6-buoy operational array (map of original six stations) in 2001 and expanded to a full network of 39 stations in March, 2008.
Folger, T 2014, Will Indonesia Be Ready for the Next Tsunami?, National Geographic, accessed 8 March 2018, <https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/12/141226-tsunami-indonesia-catastrophe-banda-aceh-warning-science/>.
Richardson, S 2018, 'Tsunami of 2004' , World Book Student, World Book, Chicago, viewed 26 February 2018,
Tsunami 2018. Britannica School. Retrieved 28 February 2018, from http://school.eb.com.au/levels/high/article/tsunami/73633#299874.toc
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