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8GEB - Geographic Inquiry - Boxing Day Tsunami: Mitigation

Suggested resources for your inquiry into the Boxing Day Tsunami

Search terms

Briefly define mitigation and discuss 2 mitigation strategies that have been completed to reduce the impacts of any future tsunami in the Indian Ocean (near Indonesia). Suggested search terms could include:

  • "tsunami detection system"​ OR "tsunami early warning system"
  • tsunami AND "public awareness" OR education
  • ​preparedness
  • ​"evacuation building" OR "tsunami shelter"
  • ​tsunami AND "emergency guideline"
  • ​"tsunami sirens"
  • ​tsunami AND "evacuation routes"  
  • ​"tsunami drill"

Aceh tsunami warning system

Online encyclopaedias

Online encyclopaedias are great for short, concise and correct information. Access and specific sign on details are available on the Hale Portal - Encyclopaedias page.

  • Variety of reading levels
  • Quality resources including text, images, videos and ‘Web’s Best Sites’
  • Read aloud facility
  • Size your font up or down
  • Ready-made citation

  • Easy-to-understand articles
  • Built-in research tool
  • Text-to-speech tool can read aloud

Suggested articles include:

Indian Ocean tsunami: Aceh 10 years on

Tsunami 2004 - Tsunami preparedness

Millions of people around the world live in areas at risk for tsunamis, such as Japan, Hawaii, Alaska, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and India. And millions more visit these places every day. Although a tsunami cannot be prevented, the effect of a tsunami can be reduced through community tsunami preparedness, timely warnings, and effective response. The risk of Indian Ocean earthquakes and tsunamis similar to the 2004 Sumatra disaster is greater than previously thought, researchers say. British and Canadian scientists said the risk in the western Indian Ocean of an earthquake-caused tsunami that could threaten the coastal areas of Pakistan, Iran, Oman, India and other countries has been underestimated. UPI science news. Learning from past disasters and being prepared as to what actions to take during an event can help minimise the impact on the loss of people and property. Read more

National Data Buoy Centre

To ensure early detection of tsunamis and to acquire data critical to real-time forecasts, NOAA has placed Deep-ocean Assessment and Reporting of Tsunami (DART®) stations at sites in regions with a history of generating destructive tsunamis. NOAA completed the original 6-buoy operational array (map of original six stations) in 2001 and expanded to a full network of 39 stations in March, 2008.

Reference Generator

It is important to provide evidence of using a variety of reliable resources. Use the online Reference Generator available through the Portal to create your citations. Make sure you alphabetically sort them afterwards. Click here for a Hale School guide to referencing.

sample bibliography for 3 resources suggested on this page would look like:

Folger, T 2014, Will Indonesia Be Ready for the Next Tsunami?, National Geographic, accessed 8 March 2018, <>.

Richardson, S 2018, 'Tsunami of 2004' , World Book Student, World Book, Chicago, viewed 26 February 2018,

Tsunami 2018. Britannica School. Retrieved 28 February 2018, from

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