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7iC Semester 2 - Eco-School Challenge - iCan Make a Change: Litter & Waste

A collaborative unit to focus on eco-issues at Hale School


Examine the impact of litter on the environment and explore a practical means for reducing and minimising the amount of litter produced by Hale School.

Topic overview

To make sure everyone has a sound understanding of their preferred eco-topic you are expected to construct bullet-point notes for Litter or Waste. Notes are to be submitted by the end of lesson 10. Transfer your focus questions to your note-making sheet and get highlighting.

Suggested websites - General

Featured books

Oliver search strategies

Use the Oliver catalogue to search for more items that may be useful for your issue.

Online encyclopaedias

Online encyclopaedias are great for short, concise and reliable information. It may be best to access these articles from the Online encyclopaedias page through the Hale portal. Don't forget Britannica has ready made citations for you to use.

  • Variety of reading levels
  • Quality resources including text, images, videos and ‘Web’s Best Sites’
  • Read aloud facility
  • Size your font up or down
  • Ready-made citation

Suggested articles include:

Waste Management System: A Guide (2021)

A waste management system is the strategy an organization uses to dispose, reduce, reuse, and prevent waste. Possible waste disposal methods are recycling, composting, incineration, landfills, bioremediation, waste to energy, and waste minimization.

Hale School Waste Production Data

To assist with understanding what each category in the report pdf is:
COMINGLE CONTAINERS = what goes into the yellow recycling bins.
PAPER AND CARDBOARD = what goes into the big cardboard skip bin behind the kitchen.
GENERAL WASTE DRY = what goes into the green bins.

The first two groups form the bulk of what is recycled. The 3rd group is generally destined for landfill but it does go through some sifting beforehand. It might be worth looking at the contractor’s website:

As far as future plans, improving our recycling is one of the goals in the Strategic Plan that is currently being drafted so I expect that there will be a lot more activity in this area in the near future. Suggestion and support from the student community would be VERY welcome.

Infographics Plastics Wrappers & Plastic Bags

Littering campaign example

Ads from Toronto will make you think twice about littering. Click here to view more posters.

Weblinks is a collection of teacher reviewed websites for topics matching your school subjects. Check for more recommended websites. Some suggestions include:

Wipe out waste

Wipe Out Waste is a South Australian education programme to encourage the reduction of waste to landfill. This website has learning activities, games, fact sheets and curriculum suggestions about waste issues.


This website provides information and activities about recycling and waste management. Topics include aluminium, glass, paper, plastic, composting, energy from waste and landfill.

Hale School Green Clean Certified

Small green changes can significantly improve student and staff health and performance, decrease your community's environmental footprint, and reduce school operating costs. To help you achieve these benefits, we have gathered useful information for implementing Green-Your-School Tactics

New War on Waste: The Battle Continues

In episode one, Craig Reucassel explores our reliance on single-use plastic such as plastic bottles and straws that damage our waterways and marine life.

War on Waste: Episode 4

In a brand new War on Waste follow-up special, Craig Reucassel returns to again put rubbish on our radar. He looks at whether we've found any solutions and have Australians changed the way they think about waste?

Local: West Australian Newspapers Online

Login and Search for articles on PLASTIC

Kids rapt with plastic-free plan - The West Australian, 23/06/2018 Section: News, Page: 26

Plastic bag ban is rubbish - The West Australian, Monday, June 25, 2018; Section: News, Page: 10

Reference Generator

It is important to provide evidence of using a variety of reliable resources. Use the online Reference Generator available through the Portal to create your citations. Make sure you alphabetically sort them afterwards.

A sample bibliography for 3 resources suggested on these pages would look like:

Environmental pollution 2020. Britannica School. Retrieved 17 August 2020, from

Garbage and refuse disposal 2020. Britannica School. Retrieved 17 August 2020, from

Recycling 2020. Britannica School. Retrieved 17 August 2020, from