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9HI Industrial Revolution - Great Britain 1700-1900: Textile Industry
It is said that an accident gave Hargreaves the idea for his spinning jenny. In his crowded cottage, which served him both as home and workshop, he was experimenting with spinning two threads at one time. His experiments were unsuccessful, however, because the horizontal spindles allowed the threads to fly apart and become tangled.
(1743–1823). The Industrial Revolution started in Great Britain during the 18th century largely with the mechanization of the textile industry (see Industrial Revolution). One of the men who made significant contributions to this mechanization was a clergyman-turned-inventor named Edmund Cartwright, who devised the power loom for weaving.
Conti, L., Easton, M., Carrodus, G., Wilson, J., Smith., R & Wilson, A. Oxford Big Ideas Humanities and Social Sciences Western Australian Curriculum, Oxford University Press, Melbourne, 2016, pp. 270-271
One of the main industries that benefitted from the Industrial Revolution was the textile industry. The textile industry was based on the development of cloth and clothing. Before the start of the Industrial Revolution, which began in the 1700s, the production of goods was done on a very small scale.
By the middle of the 19th century, Britain was producing half the world's cotton cloth, yet not a scrap of cotton was grown in Britain. How then did Britain come to dominate the global production of a cloth made entirely from material imported from the southern United States, India, and Egypt?
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An exploration of the factory system, introduced in the late 18th century, and its impact on our working lives. (2018)
The catalyst to Britain's Industrial Revolution was the slave labour of orphans and destitute children. In this shocking and moving account of their exploitation and eventual emancipation, Professor Jane Humphries uses the actual words of these child workers (recorded in diaries, interviews and letters) to let them tell their own story. She also uses groundbreaking animation to bring to life a world where 12-year-olds went to war at Trafalgar and six-year-olds worked the fields as human scarecrows.
Jane Humphries is a fellow of All Soul Souls College and a Professor of Economic History at Oxford University and the author of "Childhood and Child Labour in the British Industrial Revolution".
In "The Children Who Built Victorian England" she uses the biographies, letters, diaries and documents of hundreds of working children to tell the story of the Industrial Revolution from their perspective. By accessing their testimonies she allows them to speak up for themselves and what they have to say may surprise you. These children weren't mindless drones or soul-less victims; they were feisty, clever, gutsy and determined people who collectively made sure that future generations did not suffer the same fate they did.
The programme also sees Jane visiting Jane visits the places where the children worked as she tries to get a picture of how widespread the practice of child labour was. She also looks at the kind of jobs that, 200 years ago, were seen as appropriate for children.
More tellingly she also reveals the social conditions which created a population boom amongst the poor - one which was exploited by the early industrialists. For example most of the new factories were built in sparsely populated areas and so their workforce was provided through the trafficking of orphans from the cities. These destitute children aged eight and sometimes younger, who were handed over by the Parish authorities and signed up to work for free until they reached adulthood. Without this available slave labour many businesses would never have got off the ground.
Part 2: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0_zJeD...
The Industrial revolution of the late 1700's was a revolution of technology and innovation that changed the way the goods of the world were produced. Britain was at the heart of this revolution.
The rise of the steam engine and of productivity increases in textile and iron and other industries brought with it the introduction of the factory system. Many men but mostly children and unmarried women toiled in factories for 12 and perhaps 14 hours a day Monday–Saturday, for often very little money. No laws specifying a minimum wage or a work hours maximum or even a weekend benefit of two days off existed.
With an ever-increasing population and an ever-expanding British Empire, the market for cotton was massive, and cotton factories – or mills – became the dominant feature of the North West of England’s landscape.
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