It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
9HI Industrial Revolution - Great Britain 1700-1900: Coal & Iron
Abraham Darby was born near Dudley, Worcestershire, England in 1677. The young Darby, son of a tenant farmer, was apprenticed to a malt-mill maker in Birmingham. After his apprenticeship was completed, Darby ran a malt-mill operation beginning in 1698.
John Buddle (15 September 1773 – 10 October 1843) was a prominent self-made mining engineer and entrepreneur in North East England. He had a major influence on the development of the Northern Coalfield in the first half of the 19th century, contributing to the safety of mining coal by innovations such as the introduction of the Davy Lamp, the keeping of records of ventilation, and the prevention of flooding.
Sir Humphry Davy, 1st Baronet, PRS, MRIA, FGS (17 December 1778 – 29 May 1829) was a British chemist and inventor from Cornwall who invented the Davy lamp and a very early form of arc lamp. He is also remembered for isolating, by using electricity, several elements for the first time: potassium and sodium in 1807 and calcium, strontium, barium, magnesium and boron the following year, as well as for discovering the elemental nature of chlorine and iodine.
Francis Egerton succeeded to the dukedom on the death of his brother, the 2nd duke, in 1748. Retiring to Worsley after a broken engagement, he instructed the engineer James Brindley to construct the canal for the transport of coal obtained on his estates.
Conti, L., Easton, M., Carrodus, G., Wilson, J., Smith., R & Wilson, A. Oxford Big Ideas Humanities and Social Sciences Western Australian Curriculum, Oxford University Press, Melbourne, 2016, pp. 254-255
Coal mines in the Industrial Revolution were deeper than ever before. Before the 18th century, coal was mined from shallow mines. However, as the Industrial Revolution gained speed, demand for fuel rapidly increased.
Before the eighteenth century, Britain — and the rest of Europe — had produced coal, but only in a limited quantity. Coal pits were small, and half were opencast mines (just big holes in the surface). Their market was just the local area, and their businesses were localized, usually just the sideline of a larger estate. Drowning and suffocation were also very real problems.
Facts about Coal Mining in the Industrial Revolution inform you with the mining process as well as the importance of coal during the industrial revolution. Before 1700, actually the British people tried to get coal located at the surface area.
The most dangerous gas in coal mines was called fire-damp. It was mainly composed of methane, like the natural gas that we use for cooking and heating today. If a miner came into contact with fire-damp underground, the flame of his candle would sometimes cause the gas to explode. Fire-damp caused many explosions in coal mines, and these explosions caused many deaths of miners.
One of the worst explosions took place in Felling, near Gateshead in the north-east of England, in 1812.
Britannica SchoolEncyclopaedia Britannica has hundreds of thousands of articles, biographies, videos, images, and Web sites.
A sample bibliography for 3 resources suggested on this page would look like:
Forrest Library Catalogue
OliverThis link opens in a new windowForrest Library catalogue allows you to search for Titles, Authors, Series & Subjects plus conduct an Advanced search and Search Other Sources for various educational databases and online encyclopedias that the library subscribes to.
ClickView & YouTube Videos
The story of a breakthrough in iron production -- and the start of an Industrial Revolution that would transform the world. (2018)
What was life like for the coal miners who fueled Britain’s industrialization? Pretty sooty! Men, women, and children lived, worked, and died in industrial England’s hazardous mines. With Alan and Taz, Nick Dennis digs into the lives and work of Britain’s coal mining communities, past and present. (2020)
Britain Coal Industry
Children working in coal mines.
In 1840 Lord Shaftesbury persuaded Parliament to set up a Royal Commission to investigate conditions in the mines. Its report, published in 1842, found brutality, accidents, long hours, associated lung diseases, and horrific conditions of work for both hewers (the men who cut the coal) and hurriers (the girls and boys who pushed the tubs to the shaft).
Middle school topic template footer - make this a floating box