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09MED - Scott Pilgrim vs The World: Film techniques

Analysing a film scene:

Each of the films uses a variety of film elements (technical and symbolic choices), such as camerawork, editing, audio and narration to produce meaning that is significant and powerful in representing their story and identity. Analyse these choices by considering each element in isolation and then in combination to effectively evaluate how they have been used to influence audiences and communicate meaning. (SBS 2016, P. 7)

FILM CLIP

Each of the films uses a variety of film elements (technical and symbolic choices), such as camerawork, editing, audio and narration to produce meaning that is significant and powerful in representing their story and identity. Analyse these choices by considering each element in isolation and then in combination to effectively evaluate how they have been used to influence audiences and communicate meaning. (SBS 2016, P. 7)

 

PRINCIPLES OF VIEWING AND ANALYSING:

THINK: What ideas, emotions or situations did this film make you think about?

EVALUATE: What ideas, people or situations in the film clip puzzled you? make the connections for yourself.

EXPLORE: What ideas presented in the film clip would you like to explore further?   

(SBS 2016, P.7)

Editing:

Editing - shot by shot relationship:

The editing is a silent process, when we watch a film we see shots sequenced together that seem effortless. The responsibility of pacing, timing, sequencing to tell a story is the role of the editor. And is part of what contribute "cinematic language". The sequencing of shots together to make meaning.

The types of editing and terms used to describe editing include:

 

1. cut                         

A visual transition created in editing in which one shot is instantaneously replaced on screen by another.

2. continuity editing

Editing that creates action that flows smoothly across shots and scenes without jarring visual inconsistencies. Establishes a sense of story for the viewer.

 

3. cross cutting

Cutting back and forth quickly between two or more lines of action, indicating they are happening simultaneously.

 

4. dissolve

A gradual scene transition. The editor overlaps the end of one shot with the beginning of the next one.

 

5. fade

A visual transition between shots or scenes that appears on screen as a brief interval with no picture. The editor fades one shot to black and then fades in the next. Often used to indicate a change in time and place.

 

6. jump cut

A cut that creates a lack of continuity by leaving out parts of the action.

 

7. matched cut

A cut joining two shots whose compositional elements match, helping to establish strong continuity of action.

 

8. montage

Scenes whose emotional impact and visual design are achieved through the editing together of many brief shots.

Sound Design and Music Composition:

Elements of Sound Design and Music Composition enhance the storytelling. It can heighten the experience for the audience - signals to think and feel a specific way. In a horror film , sci-fi or fantasy film these signals are set of conventions we become expected to hear. The theme of the bad guys, or the romantic moment. It adds to the viewing experiences by tapping into the emotion and experience of the characters within the story.
​The elements of sound design are:.

  1. Dialogue
  2. Sound Effects 
  3. Music
  4. Silence

Flashbacks:

Doing Flashbacks the Wright Way

While the film is a near-perfect adaptation of O’Malley’s graphic novel as it is, some scenes feel like they’re ripped straight from the pages of the comic—specifically, the flashback scenes. Due to the visual similarity in artistic style to the graphic novel, many assumed these scenes to have been illustrated by O’Malley himself, but it was in fact his brother who illustrated Ramona’s past, emulating O’Malley’s style in the process.

FLASHBACK:

Flashback, in motion pictures and literature is a narrative technique of interrupting the chronological sequence of events to interject events of earlier occurrence. The earlier events often take the form of reminiscence. The flashback technique is as old as Western literature. In the Odysseymost of the adventures that befell Odysseus on his journey home from Troy are told in flashback by Odysseus when he is at the court of the Phaeacians.

The use of flashback enables the author to start the story from a point of high interest and to avoid the monotony of chronological exposition. It also keeps the story in the objective, dramatic present.