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9AM Creation Mythology: Prometheus: Home

Ancient Mythology

Prometheus

Your Task

The following is the knowledge and understandings to target:

  • Relationship between Prometheus and Other Figures
  • Ancient sources (writers) And their Usefulness on Prometheus
  • Themes and Messages in the Prometheus Myth
  • Similarities/Differences in Prometheus Tale to Other Creation Myths
  • References to Prometheus in Modern Film and Literature: Compare stories and themes
  • Symbolism in the Prometheus Myth

Lesser

  • Locations in the Mythology
  • Timeline: Key events in Prometheus’ life and how it fits in with other mythologies
  • Family Tree: parents, siblings and one line summary of their roles.

 

Your display should also contain a list of citations for the whole group, which includes any relevant images if you used them in the display.

 

The following are elements of the visual appeal of the library display to consider, remembering that you want to inspire people to read the relevant mythology:

  • Use of Colours (themed) running through the overall display.
  • Use of varying images to show different aspects of the myth.
  • Use of large font for text, readable from a 1-2m distance.
  • Creation and Quality of Props
  • Use of borders, large Title
  • Layout (sequence of structure)
  • Placement of relevant book covers/titles to attract readers

Family Tree

A Greek Myth: Prometheus

Myths are old, traditional stories which often try to explain the things that happen in the natural world. They usually involve the adventures of gods, goddesses and heroes. Ancient Greek myths are among the most famous in the world. As well as gods and heroes, they are full of monsters, magic and amazing feats. Many Greek plays, and to this day people still write plays, poems and even TV series based on the stories.

 Prometheus upset Zeus, the king of the gods, by teaching the gods secrets to humans. He showed them how to grow crops, tame horses and use plants and medicines. When he gave humans the secret of fire, Zeus was furious and devised a terrible punishment. Prometheus was chained to a rock on Mount Caucasus, and every day a vulture came and tore his liver. Every night, it grew back. After many years of this torture, Prometheus was finally rescued by Heracles.

Prometheus

Prometheus was one of the Titans, son of Iapetus (also a Titan) and Clymene, an Oceanid. His brothers were Epimetheus, Atlas and Menoetius. The name derives from the Greek word meaning 'forethought'.

During the Titanomachy, the war between the Titans and the Olympian gods, Prometheus sided with Zeus, helping to overthrow the old gods. Siding with the winning side, Prometheus avoided being punished with the rest of the Titans and was therefore not sent to Tartarus, the Underworld.

In all accounts, Prometheus was presented to be the protector and benefactor of mankind. In an event called Trick at Mecone, he tricked Zeus by asking him to choose between two offerings; beef hidden inside an ox's stomach (something pleasing hidden inside a repelling exterior) or bones wrapped in glistening fat (something inedible hidden inside a pleasing exterior). Zeus chose the latter and hence, a precedent was created in what humans could sacrifice from that moment; so, they kept the meat for themselves and sacrificed bones to the gods.

As a result of the trick at Mecone, Zeus was infuriated and decided to hide fire from mortals as punishment. Prometheus, in an effort to help humanity again, managed to steal fire back and give it to humans. More enraged, the father of gods asked Hephaestus to create Pandora, the first woman, who according to Hesiod, would bring troubles to mankind. He also punished Prometheus by having him chained to a rock, where an eagle ate his liver during the day, and the liver was regenerated during the night due to Prometheus' immortality. He was later saved by the demigod Hercules