Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi; the diseases can be spread, directly or indirectly, from one person to another. Zoonotic diseases are infectious diseases of animals that can cause disease when transmitted to humans.
A pathological condition spread among all biological species. Infectious diseases, although varied in their effects, are always associated with viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, multicellular parasites and aberrant proteins known as prions. A complex series of steps, mediated by factors contributed by both the infectious agent and the host, is required for microorganisms or prions to establish an infection or disease. Worldwide, infectious diseases are the third leading cause of human death.
HealthMap brings together disparate data sources, including online news aggregators, eyewitness reports, expert-curated discussions and validated official reports, to achieve a unified and comprehensive view of the current global state of infectious diseases and their effect on human and animal health.
Strategies to prevent transmission of infection:
** Hand washing with soap and water for at least 15 seconds before preparing or eating food, after using the toilet, changing nappies, after blowing your nose with a tissue and after any contamination of the hands with body fluids such as blood and vomit.
** Effective cleaning with detergent and water, followed by rinsing and drying will remove the bulk of germs from environmental surfaces (refer to your school/day care policy or Staying Healthy in Childcare).
** Use of appropriate cleaning tools and use of protective personal equipment (gloves, masks) is important and should be easily accessible to clean up spills immediately, to prevent aerosol spread of viruses and bacteria.
Online encyclopaedias are great for short, concise and correct information. Search by the key words infectious disease or disease. Don't forget CTRL F to scan around a page quickly.
Over the past decade, the World Health Organization has declared four global health emergencies. Two of them were in the past two years: the Ebola epidemic in West Africa and the Zika outbreak that's spread through the Americas.
Many of the pathogens that spark deadly outbreaks aren't new. Researchers have known about Zika since the 1940s and Ebola since the 1970s. Some of these viruses have evolved with humans for hundreds or thousands of years.
But viruses, bacteria, and fungi can now spread around the world with greater effectiveness and speed than ever before. And when they turn up unexpectedly in new places, they catch doctors and health systems — and people's immune systems — off guard.
This article introduces four key reasons why we're seeing an uptick in infectious diseases around the world.
In this research for disease protection glossary, you will find for your convenience explanations of infection control terms listed from A to Z essential to practice and the understanding of infection prevention. Updated regularly, the glossary takes into account the constantly changing demands on infection prevention.
It is important that you show your teacher you used a variety of reliable resources. Use the online Reference Generator available through the Portal to create your citations. Make sure you alphabetically sort them afterwards.
A sample bibliography for 3 resources provided on this page would look like:
Cheprasov, A 2015, The Routes of Infectious Disease Transmission - Full HD 2015,online video, 24 September, accessed 20 June 2016, <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0PjrZVHeXn4>.
Infectious disease 2016. Britannica School. Retrieved 22 June 2016, from http://school.eb.com.au/levels/high/article/106311
World Health Organization n.d., Infectious Diseases, accessed 22 June 2016, <http://www.who.int/topics/infectious_diseases/en/>.