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8GE T3 Hazard Assessment: Home

Hazard Assessment



You belong to an expert innovation group, specializing in Natural Hazards. The "Pacific Rim Countries" have asked you to prepare a presentation on the known causes, impacts and responses to a specific hazard.  An important part of the assignment is to design something that will prepare communities better to deal with these disasters, bearing in mind all your knowledge and expertise.


Group 1:           Philippines – Mt Pinatubo (May 1991)              

Group 2:           USA - Mt St Helens (1980)


Group 3:           Japan-Sendai 2011

Group 4:           Indonesia-Sumatra 2004


Group 5:           Ecuador - 2016

Group 6:           NZ – Christchurch 2011


  1. Investigate the causes, impacts and responses to either one volcano, tsunami or earthquake from the Pacific “Ring of Fire”.
  2. Prepare an interesting and informative PowerPoint presentation summarizing your research findings from a variety of resources.
  3. Design a solution to assist the communities most affected by the hazard you have researched (this is part of the presentation).
  4. Take notes during the presentations then write YOUR own written response.


  1. Investigate the natural causes of a volcanic eruption or tsunami

  2. Map where these tend to occur in the Asia region


  1. Describe the positive and negative impacts of a volcanic eruption or tsunami

  2. Explain why these impacts are influenced by social and economic factors, for example, where people choose to livepoverty, and lack of infrastructure and resources to prepare and respond


  1. Research and evaluate current methods of preventionmitigation and preparedness.

  2. Design something that will prepare communities better to deal with these disasters


  1. Design a solution to assist the local communities if this type of natural disaster strikes again.

Featured information books:

Forrest catalogue:

Use general search terms to find more information books:


Britannnica Online is great for short, concise and correct information. Search by your natural disaster e.g. volcano or tsunami.

  • Variety of reading levels
  • Quality resources including text, images, videos and ‘Web’s Best Sites’
  • Read aloud facility
  • Size your font up or down
  • Ready-made citation


Suggested articles include:

Specific events:

One-stop Search:

Research databases
Limit Your Results
Google Web Search


Google search:

Google Web Search

It is important to refine your search terms as your understanding more about your topic. Make sure you check your focus questions or task sheet guidelines. It is often best to use Google Advanced Search to narrow your search further and save yourself time. 

Google Advanced:

Use multiple search terms to narrow your search down to excatly the information you are after.

Use multiple search terms to drill down to the specific information you still need to find. Remember the use of AND and OR. For example:

  • volcan* impact AND social OR human
  • volcan* impact OR damage site:gov

Suggested search terms:

Check out some suggested search terms:

Broad Narrow Narrower


  • volcano     
  • tsunami  
  • earthquake   


  •  Asia
  • hazard OR emergency
  • "volcanic eruption" OR "volcanic event"
  • cause
  • response
  • impact
  • preparation OR preparedness
  • prevention
  • mitigation
  • Add the event location and year e.g. mount pinatubo 1991
  • "positive impact"
  • "negative impact"
  • infrastructure
  • "social factor"
  • "economic factor"
  • "methods of prevention"
  • "warning system"
  • "risk reduction"
  • population OR settlement
  • poverty

Suggested videos:

Reference Generator:

A sample bibliography for 3 of the resources on this page would look like the following:


Rusch, E 2013, Eruption, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Boston, U.S.A.

Volcano 2015. Britannica School. Retrieved 31 August 2015, from

Wan, E 2014, 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake/Tsunami Process and Impacts, online video, 22 September 2014, accessed 31 August 2015, <>.